â??They are actually the ones that can start the CPR before activating 911, even,â?? said paramedic, Patrick Siegle. â??We know that they are our first line of defense in keeping the brain active; that is our whole goal.â??
Siegle is talking about you and me; people in the community who can help save lives by learning CPR. Integrated First Response in Iron Mountain has just started to offer the monthly CPR, and Automatic External Defibrillator courses, recognizing the need for proper and updated training.
â??We are no longer involving rescue breathing in CPR; we're doing chest compressions only to keep the circulation going. Every time that we stop compressions to pause for breaths, we drop in perfusion rates in keeping the brain alive,â?? Siegle said.
In 2010, the American Heart Association changed the way CPR was taught, focusing now on chest compressions.
â??There have been some big changes,â?? said attendee, Albert Santoni. â??Among those are 30 chest compressions to two breaths. The last time I took a CPR class; there were four compressions and one breath."
Theyâ??ve found increased compressions is more effective than increased air, since there's already unused oxygen in the blood.
â??In the 1950s to the 1970s, the save rate with CPR was around 55 percent,â?? Siegle said. â??We added in doing breaths and automatic external defibrillators and people stopped doing chest compressions, and our save rate has gone down to around 10 percent. Now, we're seeing studies coming out of the west, Seattle, that their save rate are back up to 57 percent, and it's because of doing chest compressions."
As paramedics, they say it's extremely valuable when they come onto a scene, and see that someone is already effectively applying CPR.